Ragging can be traced back to the 7th/8th Century AD. In ancient
Greece, new entrants to the sporting community were subjected to teasing to inculcate
the team spirit. The passage of time saw this technique being adopted by the military
forces, and then by the education system. Gradually as education became more accessible,
ragging emerged as an instrument to humiliate students from different backgrounds.
In this light, it is indeed noteworthy that Swami Vivekanand Subharti University
has a “ragging free” atmosphere. The varied activities in academics, sports and
cultural activities in the University encourage the flow of energy to retain a healthy
This information is for students and parents/guardians and is in the interest of
abiding by the directives of Honble. Supreme Court of India.
DIRECTIVES OF THE HONOURABLE SUPREME COURT ON THE MENACE OF RAGGING
In view of the increasing incidents of ragging in colleges and elsewhere
that reached proportions unbecoming of a civilised society the Hon’ble Supreme court
admitted and heard the SLP No (s) 24295 of 2006 University of Kerala Vs Council,
Principals’, Colleges, Kerala & Ors (with SLP(C) No.24296-99/2004 & W.P.
(Crl) No. 173/2006 and SLP(C) No.14356/2005).
Pursuant to an order of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India dated November
27, 2006, the Ministry of Human Resource Development has constituted a Committee
under the Chairmanship of Shri R.K. Raghavan (former Director, CBI) to look into
the issue of ragging and suggest means of prevention of ragging in educational institutions.
The Committee primarily examined the following broad aspects of ragging:
(a) Means and methods of prevention of ragging.
(b) Possible action that can be taken against
persons indulging in ragging.
(c) Possible action that can be taken against
college/university authorities in the event of ragging.
The Committee had carried out a very detailed study with the help
of voluntary organizations including CURE (Coalition for Uprooting Ragging from
Education) and SPACE (Society for Peoples Action Change and Enforcement) and collected
voluminous public opinion on the various factors contributing for ragging. Noted
psychologists and educationists assisted the committee. The National Informatics
Centre at the Ministry of Human Resources hosted a guest book in their website.
Nearly eleven press releases were made during this period of evaluation
and committee visited several
cities in the country. A subcommittee of the Medical Council of India was also constituted
for this purpose. A questionnaire was prepared that elicited over 12500 responses.
In short a wide cross-section of the society provided the necessary background information,
data and suggestions on tackling ragging in the country for consideration by the
Subsequently the committee submitted a detailed report with suitable
recommendations and measures required to effectively curb the menace. The recommendations
of the Committee were duly accepted and the following directives have been issued
to all the educational institutions for necessary implementation by the Hon’ble
Supreme Court on 16 May 2007.
(I).The following factors need to be focused to tackle with the problem:
- Primary responsibility for curbing ragging rests with academic institutions themselves.
- Ragging adversely impacts the standards of higher education.
- Incentives should be available to institutions for curbing the menace and there
should be disincentives for failure to do so.
- Enrolment in academic pursuits or a campus life should not immunize any adult citizen
from penal provisions of the laws of the land.
- Ragging needs to be perceived as failure to inculcate human values from the schooling
- Behavioural patterns among students, particularly potential 'raggers', need to be
- Measures against ragging must deter its recurrence.
- Concerted action is required at the level of the school, higher educational institution,
district administration, university, State and Central Governments to make any curb
- Media and the Civil Society should be involved in this exercise.
(II).The Committee has made several recommendations. For the present, the apex
court felt that the following recommendations should be implemented without any
further lapse of time
- The punishment to be meted out has to be exemplary and justifiably harsh to act
as a deterrent against recurrence of such incidents.
- Every single incident of ragging where the victim or his parent/guardian or the
Head of institution is not satisfied with the institutional arrangement for action,
a First Information Report (FIR) must be filed without exception by the institutional
authorities with the local police authorities. Any failure on the part of the institutional
authority or negligence or deliberate delay in lodging the FIR with the local police
shall be construed to be an act of culpable negligence on the part of the institutional
authority. If any victim or his parent/guardian of ragging intends to file FIR directly
with the police, that will not absolve the institutional authority from the requirement
of filing the FIR.
- Courts should make an effort to ensure that cases involving ragging are taken up
on a priority basis to send the correct message that ragging is not only to be discourages
but also to be dealt with sternness.
- In addition, the court directed the possibility of introducing in the educational
curriculum a subject relating to ragging shall be explored by the National Council
of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and the respective State Council of
Educational Research and Training (SCERT). This aspect can be included in the teaching
of the subjects "Human Rights".
- In the prospectus to be issued for admission by educational institutions, it shall
be clearly stipulated that in case the applicant for admission is found to have
indulged in ragging in the past or if it is noticed later that he has indulged in
ragging, admission may be refused or he shall be expelled from the educational institution.
- The Central Government and the State Governments shall launch a programme giving
wide publicity to the menace of ragging and the consequences which follow in case
any student is detected to have been involved in ragging.
- It shall be the collective responsibility of the authorities and functionaries of
the concerned institution and their role shall also be open to scrutiny for the
purpose of finding out whether they have taken effective steps for preventing ragging
and in case of their failure, action can be taken; for example, denial of any grant-in-aid
or assistance from the State Governments.
- Anti-ragging committees and squads shall be forthwith formed by the institutions
and it shall be the job of the committee or the squad, as the case may be, to see
that the Committee's recommendations, particularly those noted above, are observed
without exception and if it is noticed that there is any deviation, the same shall
be forthwith brought to the notice of this Court.
- The Committee constituted pursuant to the order of this Court shall continue to
monitor the functioning of the anti-ragging committees and the squads to be formed.
They shall also monitor the implementation of the recommendations to which reference
has been made above.
NO INCIDENT OF RAGGING WAS REPORTED TO THE ANTI RAGGING COMMITTEE DURING THE
PREVIOUS ACADMIC CALENDAR.